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Christian Huygens download epub

by AE Bell

Epub Book: 1804 kb. | Fb2 Book: 1547 kb.


NATURAL SCIENCES, Generalities about the pure sciences, Generalities about the pure sciences. Mathematical sciences in the broad sense. MILLION BOOKS ORIGINAL TIFF ZIP download. SINGLE PAGE PROCESSED TIFF ZIP download.

A fascinating biography of one of the finest renaissance minds. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive.

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Christiaan Huygens (14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch mathematician, astronomer, physicist, probabilist and horologist. His 1673 scientific masterpiece was Horologium Oscillatorium, a treatise on the mathematical theory and applications of the isochronous pendulum clock, which led to improved accuracy in the measurement of time.

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Christian Huygens by .

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

Comments: (2)

Only a couple biographies of Christian Huygens are available in English. The more recent one is by C.D. Andriesse and translated by S. Miedema. The other is this book by A.E. Bell, listed as "First published 1947." I picked this one because the recent reprint, especially the Kindle edition, makes a large price difference between the books. I also read a few of the pages of the other book on Amazon's "Look Inside" feature and found the translation somewhat difficult to follow.

This book by Bell has two parts. The first half is an 84 page summary of Huygens' life, primarily his intellectual development but also covering his family and education. It is well-written, easy to follow, and covers all the main points. Huygens was the first to figure out that Saturn has rings and discovered Saturn's moon, Titan. He was a mathematical prodigy and made major contributions to physics in areas like the analysis of centrifugal force which Newton, in one of his rare compliments, grudgingly said, "I suppose he had before me." Huygens' work on the physics of pendulums both advanced the field and made significant strides in the precision of clocks. Bell mentions several times the struggle Huygens had in overcoming his Cartesian assumptions. Though he often criticized Descartes, he never did get past some of those restrictions. One of the results was that Huygens could never accept Newton's view of gravity in the Principia. He refused to accept the idea that such action at a distance was possible without some semi-occult force at work. Like the mechanics of Descartes he insisted that gravitational effects had to be the result of actual contact somehow. He gave up the "vortices" of Descartes but insisted that a "subtle matter" existed that made gravity function and thought he had proved such matter existed through experiments with vacuums. Bell does a great job of showing the development of Huygens' ideas, both the correct ones and the wrong ones. Huygens had a totally different personality from Newton or Robert Hooke. He greatly disliked conflict. He defended the priority of his views but never got into the personality conflicts that Hooke and others had with Newton. Huygens was one of the founding members of the French Academy of Sciences in the 1660's and, even though a foreigner, he directed much of the work of the Academy in its early years. This half of the book does a fine job of laying out Huygens' life.

In the second half of the book Bell explains Huygens' actual scientific work. It begins with an excellent chapter on the state of science leading up to Huygens. Bell then explains Huygens' often ground-breaking work on the physics of elasticity and centrifugal force. He spends 25 pages talking about Huygens' major work on the physics of the pendulum and then goes on to explain in detail his mistaken view of gravity, his optical studies, and his discoveries about Saturn. Another chapter on Huygens' wave theory of light is interesting given what we currently know about light. The section ends with a discussion of Huygens' place in the history of science. This half of the book has multiple diagrams and images of Huygens' experimental results.

For anyone who has any background in engineering or physics, this book has a wealth of information about critical experiments in the history of both fields. It also does a fine job of showing the struggles that early physicists had to overcome. For the non-scientific reader, the first half of the book is very good but much of the second half might be tough going. The book is a reprint so many of the illustrations are darkened such as the image of Huygens and that of the French Academy. That is not true of the diagrams or geometrical and mathematical figures in the second half which are clearly laid out. Bell achieves what he sets out to do. He writes an excellent summary of the intellectual development of Huygens and does as clear a job as possible of explaining some of the most important work in the history of physics.
Amazon.com made a glaring mistake! Amazon stated:
"This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923."

However, the title page of CHRISTIAN HUYGENS, by A.E. Bell, clearly states that it was published in 1947. In addition, it says that the second printing was in 1950. So, this book is old, but it is much newer than stated.
Such glaring errors are incomprehensible in their existence, and Amazon.com does not give a telephone number so that we can report them.

That year 1923 might be salient because of AMERICAN copyright laws, since this is 90 years after 1923, but this book was published in the United Kingdom, and its copyright has probably expired there. Congress has recently revamped and extended the American copyright laws to require royalties to be paid not only during the author's or composer's lifetime, but also to his/her decendents for abut 50 years after his death. Also, copyrights do not have to be renewed anymore in the United State - and that was a chore that authors and composers had to do periodically if they published while they were young, such as did Isaac Asimov, Robert A. Heinlein, Elmer Bernstein, etc.
Christian Huygens download epub
Author: AE Bell
ISBN: 1175246670
Category: History
Subcategory: World
Language: English
Publisher: Nabu Press (August 14, 2011)
Pages: 240 pages