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Scourge: The Once and Future Threat of Smallpox, Library Edition download epub

by Patrick Cullen,Jonathan B. Tucker


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Jonathan B. Tucker traces the history of the smallpox virus from its first recorded outbreak around 3700 . has been added to your Cart.

Jonathan B. through its use as the first biological warfare agent in human history has been added to your Cart.

Scourge: The Once and Future Threat of Smallpox. by. Jonathan B. Tucker.

Scourge the Once and Future Threat of Smallpox. 1 2 3 4 5. Want to Read.  . through its use as the first biological warfare agent in human history, and draws some decisively important lessons for the future. In a timely debate, Tucker addresses the ever-growing concerns about the proliferation of the deadly smallpox virus and its use by terrorist organizations. Tucker (August 2, 1954 – July 31, 2011) was a United States chemical and biological weapons expert. Dunn, David L. (25 July 2002). 1 Early life and education. N Engl J Med. 347 (4): 298. doi:10. Bass, Gary J. (12 Feb 2006). Appearances on C-SPAN.

From Library Journal: A political scientist and an expert on bio-weapons analysis, Tucker provides an engrossing look at the continuing debate over the destruction of smallpox. The author uses numerous interviews with key players to look at the political and social aspects of the disease. Although a brief history of smallpox is included, the strength of the book lies in the author's description of the process used to eradicate naturally occurring smallpox. Equally valuable is the last section that considers the pros and cons of destroying the laboratory stockpiles of the virus.

Written by Jonathan B. Tucker, narrated by Patrick Cullen. In recent years, concern over the possible return of smallpox has taken an even greater urgency with the realization that clandestine stocks of the virus may still exist.

Jonathan B.

On December 13, 2002, recognizing that the global discontinuation of routine smallpox vaccination over two decades ago had left most Americans unprotected and vulnerable to the ravaging affects of the virus, the President announced a precautionary measure to begin vaccinating teams of emergency responders. The program commenced January 24, 2003.

Smallpox was a terrifying human scourge. It covered the skin with hideous, painful boils, killed a third of its victims, and left survivors disfigured for life. This riveting book tells the story of smallpox, of efforts to eradicate it, and of the dangers it still poses today.

Comments: (7)

Prinna
Do you remember Dr. Strangelove? Remember how we all laughed at "Of course, the whole point of a Doomsday Machine is lost, if you *keep* it a *secret*!" Smallpox is Doomsday and that is what the Soviets intended. They started developing the weapon shortly after we announced we would no longer vaccinate our people for Smallpox. It was intended as the Doomsday blow to the handful of Americans who would survive an all out nuclear exchange. After the fall of the Soviet Union Smallpox became a nightmare for the American President. A few short months before 9/11 a computer exercise called Operation Dark Winter studied the effects of the release of Smallpox in a couple of locations. Within 28 days 3 million Americans would have contracted the disease and 1 million would have died. Smallpox was fully capable of taking down our entire medical society. Recently we completed the stockpile of enough vaccine for every American and developed a vaccination for the immune compromised. The centers to treat infectious diseases that we used in the Ebola outbreak were designed to contain something far worse - Smallpox. By being prepared to protect our own, we protect the even more vulnerable in the third world. Mr. Tucker accurately records the history of Smallpox, the negotiations, the eradication, and sadly the betrayal that is the story of Smallpox and just like Pandora's box a tiny ray of hope.
The Rollers of Vildar
The author, Jonathan Tucker is an expert on biological and chemical weapons. He studied biology at Yale University, received his Ph.D. in political science from MIT, and served in the State Department, the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. So, although his descriptions of past epidemics are horrible enough, it's the present and future threat of smallpox---the second half of this book---where Tucker really scared the bejabbers out of me. I had no idea that the Soviet bioweapons program, Vector, had gone as far as it did in developing viral weapons. According to the author, "Some 4,500 people, including about 250 Ph.D.-level scientists, worked at Vector in the late 1980s...One goal of the...program was to develop a smallpox-based biological weapon containing virulence genes from Ebola hemorrhagic fever virus. At least theoretically, such a viral chimera would combine the hardiness and transmissibility of smallpox with the lethality of Ebola, which was between 90 percent and 100 percent fatal, resulting in an 'absolute' biological weapon."
The real irony of the Vector bioweapons program was that the Soviet Union (along with the United States) was a major factor in eradicating the scourge of smallpox from the world in the 1970s.
Where are those 4,500 people who worked at Vector, now? Where is the twenty tons of smallpox virus formulation that was stocked at the Center of Virology in Zagorsk? The Soviets supposedly destroyed the stockpile in the late 1980s, but the smallpox seed cultures and the expertise to manufacture biological weapons from them still remain.
The author clearly presents the arguments for and against retaining the known remaining smallpox virus stocks in Atlanta and Moscow. However, I believe he sides with the 'destructionists' rather than the 'retentionists': "From a practical standpoint, now that the DNA sequences of representative strains of variola virus hade been determined, the live virus was no longer needed to identify smallpox if it were to reappear in the future. Nor would live variola [smallpox] virus be required to protect against a future outbreak of smallpox, since the small pox vaccine--based on the distinct vaccinia virus--could be retained and stockpiled for insurance purposes."
The long, difficult task of eliminating smallpox from the world (as thrillingly described in "Scourge") will not be complete until all known and rogue virus stocks (believed held by North Korea, Iran, Iraq, and possibly China) are destroyed. The world's population has grown increasingly vulnerable to the disease since the last official vaccination programs were eliminated in 1984, as the protective immunity induced by the vaccine lasts only about seven to ten years. Nor is there an effective medical treatment for smallpox.
As Tucker states in his closing sentence: "Until humanity's legal and moral restraints catch up with its scientific and technological achievements, the eradication of smallpox will remain as much a cautionary tale as an inspirational one."
Pringles
Great, informative book. Bought a new copy, which is beautiful.
Malodor
I was really hoping that it would focus more on the "Once" rather than the "Future", but I was sadly disappointed. Although there were a few choice morsels detailing the suffering that smallpox has caused to people in the past, and the history of inocculation was also quite interesting, most of the book discussed the long (and rather boring) history of the global eradication of the disease, and the current dilemma with smallpox virus samples being stored in various locations around the world. I mean, it's not like those topics aren't interesting... but they cannot compare with the horrific, wince-inducing facts about the illness itself.
Sat
A methodical, thorough, competent, sober, sobering and comprehensive account of the efforts over the years to rid the world of smallpox. His analysis of the politics involved as well as luck, timing - good and bad - are interesting.
BOND
Fairly boring as a book. This reads more like a log sheet most of the time. "this place had this many small pox case in x year".
Scourge: The Once and Future Threat of Smallpox, Library Edition download epub
Medicine
Author: Patrick Cullen,Jonathan B. Tucker
ISBN: 0786122412
Category: Medical Books
Subcategory: Medicine
Language: English
Publisher: Blackstone Pub; Unabridged edition (July 1, 2002)