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Embodied Cognition (New Problems of Philosophy) download epub

by Lawrence Shapiro

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Embodied cognition often challenges standard cognitive science.

Embodied cognition often challenges standard cognitive science.

New Problems in Philosophy. Article in Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung · January 2011 with 110 Reads. Evolution, embodiment, and the nature of the mind: a field guide to embodied cognition. DOI: 1. 307/41346345. Conferencia a cargo de Michael Anderson (Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, University of Maryland, E. U. Proyecto de investigación: Aproximación dinámica a los conceptos de información, representación y computación, y a la inducción de estructuras.

He published a book on embodied cognition called Embodied Cognition, within which he lays out an in depth explanation of embodied cognition theories . New York: Routledge, 2011. New Problems of Philosophy.

He published a book on embodied cognition called Embodied Cognition, within which he lays out an in depth explanation of embodied cognition theories and their rivals. He has recently been awarded a Kellett Midcareer Award by the Graduate School of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Understanding the Dimensions of Realization," with Thomas Polger, The Journal of Philosophy 105: 213-222, 2008. Making Sense of Mirror Neurons, forthcoming in Synthese.

Routledge's New Problems of Philosophy series has a most impressive line-up of topical volumes aimed at upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in philosophy and at others with interests in cutting edge philosophical work. The authors are influential figures in their respective fields and notably adept at synthesizing and explaining intricate topics fairly and comprehensively.

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Comments: (7)

Cherry The Countess
This book has been something for which I have been waiting for quite some time. Shapiro gives an excellent overview of the history of cognitive science, beginning with the "standard cognitive science," often referred to informational processing theory of computationalism. This viewpoint sees the mind as a computer - the mind manipulates symbolic representations acquired from your perception and based on some algorithm, it produces behavior. Of course, this view not only fit the zeitgeist of the late 50s/early 60s and the computer revolution, but it was also pretty "sexy" to think that way. Even in its beginning, this view had some critics, including Gibson's famous rebuttal with the field of Ecological Psychology: perception is for action.

Shapiro gives an excellent overview of the recent move away from computationalism towards the idea of embodied cognition. Simply put, embodied cognition implies that cognition does not occur only "in the head," but is rather a process emerging from the dynamic interplay between brain, body, and world. Of course, different theorists approach this idea in different ways, producing various "flavors" of embodied cognition which Shapiro summarizes and critiques. Anyone interested in embodied cognition and anyone dissatisfied with the [outdated] model of information processing theory needs to read this book.

There are, of course, several downsides. First, I think Shapiro could have done a more thorough job of critiquing information processing theory and laying out the theoretical groundwork for embodied cognition. He went into some detail, but it was not too satisfactory in my opinion (though still very good). Second, he does not provide a global definition of what it means to have embodied cognition - as far as I know, no theorist has been able to provide it, hence the "flavors" of this theoretical umbrella. Providing such a global definition is no easy feat, of course, but I think any attempt would have been helpful to move towards a global view of what it means to be embodied.

Sum: great book, great read
Shapiro is a philosopher writing with outstanding knowledge on the subject. Embodiment is an extreme hot topic in modern cognitive science and Shapiro presents a most valuable introduction of the development in the field beginning with a presentation of what he calls "standard cognitive science". This "standard" version presented human cognition as computer metaphor suggesting there were a "general problem solver" (GPS) in our mind. The aim of standard cognitive science was seen then as reconstruction of the logic of GPS. Shapiro shows how this view produced unsolved problems which can better be approached by extension of the mind: The mind which is thought of to inhabit the brain is now seen as including a whole body. An old sentence by Sigmund Freud seems to become true that the Ego be mainly embodied. In the book no reference to psychoanalysis is made. Nevertheless sometimes one finds these seemingly outdated references of value. What gifted scholars formulated a century ago sometimes is validated a century later - but with enormous gain in detail. Shapiro shows that "embodiment" is not a spiritual movement, as many thought. Embodiment is in the best sense a scientific endeavour and who ever wants to learn about some very interesting details of this development should read the well written book. It' a "must read" for all cognitive researchers at least for one reason: as Shapiro feels obliged to analyze the constraints of the new paradigm which he promotes so fairly. You leave reading the book feeling a little bit more cognitive without being impovered in emotional enthusiasm.
Michael B. Buchholz
Great intro book.
Great overview of topic!
The book is worth reading it if you want to have a general idea of this new approach to cognition.
In this short volume, Lawrence Shapiro offers an overview of the state of embodied cognition, and its relation to cognitive science research. Shapiro begins by presenting a general overview of traditional cognitive science, with its emphasis on symbolic representation and algorithms, and challenges to this framework, including connectionism, and J.J. Gibson's ecological psychology. Shapiro then explores "embodied cognition" by dividing this vast field of research into three themes. The first conceptualization, argues that an organism's body limits or constrains the concepts it can acquire. Here Shapiro includes the work on metaphors by Lakoff and arguments by Varela, Thompson, and Rosch in "The Embodied Mind." The second theme, replacement, argues, contra traditional cogsci, that cognition does not (or need not) include representational states. Here Shapiro foregrounds the work of Esther Thelen on dynamical systems theory. Finally, the theme of constitution argues that the body (or world) plays a constitutive role in cognitive processing, as in the work of Andy Clark. Not all of the work falling under the rubric of "embodied cognition" highlights all of these themes, (nor are these views necessarily consistent), and Shapiro readily advances his own criticisms and judgements throughout the volume. All told, it is a useful overview of a promising field, although rather vague and dry throughout.
Purchased this book as a gift for a friend who is a proponent of embodied cognition. She used it as a reference text for a paper, so I can'[t say how interesting this would be as a casual read. I'm sure it's intended as a textbook.
Embodied Cognition (New Problems of Philosophy) download epub
Author: Lawrence Shapiro
ISBN: 0415773423
Category: Other
Subcategory: Humanities
Language: English
Publisher: Routledge (September 19, 2010)
Pages: 256 pages