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Separation and Its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism download epub

by Kevin MacDonald


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Separation and Its Discontents book.

Separation and Its Discontents book. MacDonald develops a theory of anti-Semitism based on an evolutionary interpretation of social identity theory-a major approach to group conflict in contemporary social psychology. Beginning in the ancient world, anti-Semitism has existed under a variety of religious and political regimes.

Kevin MacDonald 's eye opening history in the vein of The Culture of Critique. Professor Kevin MacDonald is an evolutionary psychologist and this academic niche colors much of his writing. He makes great arguments and backs them up with real facts. In this book, the second in a series of three books about Jews, Dr. MacDonald writes about anti-Semitic outbursts through history. This book is, at least in part, a response to The Authoritarian Personality, a book which said fascism and ally anti-Semitism were the result of neurosis.

Home Browse Books Book details, Separation and Its Discontents: Toward . Anti-Semitism has been a very robust tendency over a very long period of human history and in a wide range of societies with different.

Home Browse Books Book details, Separation and Its Discontents: Toward a. .Separation and Its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism. MacDonald develops a theory of anti-Semitism based on an evolutionary interpretation of social identity theory. Historical examples of anti-Semitism are analyzed as scientifically comprehensible gentile responses to a distinctive, segregated group. Anti-Semitism has been a very robust tendency over a very long period of human history and in a wide range of societies with different forms of government, different economic systems, and different dominant religious ideologies.

The only changes are changes in formatting and pagination. There is little that I would like to change at this point. However, there are two issues that merit further discussion: psychological mechanisms of ethnic conflict and a reply to Paul Rubin.

Judaism and anti-Semitism fairly cry out for an evolutionary interpretation. Many anti-Semitic episodes, such as the Iberian inquisitions and the Nazi holocaust, have been characterized by extraordinary intra-societal violence

Kevin MacDonald is an evolutionary biologist using the Jewish people as a test case to examine certain critical . Judaism and anti-Semitism fairly cry out for an evolutionary interpretation

Kevin MacDonald is an evolutionary biologist using the Jewish people as a test case to examine certain critical theorems of that approach. Some readers will no doubt be disturbed by the sociobiologically derived jargon. Judaism and anti-Semitism fairly cry out for an evolutionary interpretation.

The Culture of Critique series is a trilogy of books by psychology professor Kevin B. MacDonald claiming that evolutionary psychology provides the motivations behind Jewish group behavior and culture, asserting Jewish behavior and culture are central. MacDonald claiming that evolutionary psychology provides the motivations behind Jewish group behavior and culture, asserting Jewish behavior and culture are central causes of antisemitism and of alleged Jewish control and influence in government policy and political movements

Separation and Its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism, builds upon MacDonald’s previous work, A People That Shall Dwell Alone: Judaism as a Group Evolutionary Strategy (MacDonald 1994/2002; hereafter PTSDA)

Separation and Its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism, builds upon MacDonald’s previous work, A People That Shall Dwell Alone: Judaism as a Group Evolutionary Strategy (MacDonald 1994/2002; hereafter PTSDA). While PTSDA focused on developing a theory of Judaism within an evolutionary framework, the present volume focuses on the phenomenon of anti-Semitism.

MacDonald develops a theory of anti-Semitism based on an evolutionary interpretation of social identity theory-a major approach to group conflict in contemporary social psychology.

This book builds upon my previous work, A People That Shall Dwell Alone: Judaism asa Group Evolutionary Strategy (MacDonald 1994/2002; hereafter PTSDA). While PTSDA focused on developing a theory of Judaism within anevolutionary framework, the present volume focuses on the phenomenon ofanti-Semitism. Judaism and anti-Semitism fairly cry out for an evolutionaryinterpretation. Anti-Semitism has been a very robust tendency over a very longperiod of human history and in a wide range of societies with different formsof government, different economic systems, and different dominant religiousideologies. Many anti-Semitic episodes, such as the Iberian inquisitions andthe Nazi holocaust, have been characterized by extraordinary intra-societal violence.Moreover, anti-Semitism has sometimes been characterized by a very overt,self-conscious racialism...a phenomenon that immediately suggests the relevanceof evolutionary theory. The basic thesis of this book can be summarized bythe proposition that Judaism must be conceptualized as a group strategycharacterized by cultural and genetic segregation from gentile societiescombined with resource competition and conflicts of interest with segments ofgentile societies. This cultural and genetic separatism combined with resourcecompetition and other conflicts of interest tend to result in division andhatred within the society.Nevertheless, as Leslie White (1966, 3) wrote manyyears ago in his discussion of the Boasian school of anthropology as apolitically inspired cult, "One who follows procedures such as these incurs therisk of being accused of indulging in non-scholarly, personal attacks upon whomhe discusses. Such a charge is, in fact, expectable and completely in keepingwith the thesis of this essay. We wish to state that no personal attacks areintended." No personal or ethnic attacks are intended here,either. Nevertheless, the charge that this is an anti-Semitic book is, to useWhite's phrase, expectable and completely in keeping wit

Comments: (7)

Faell
Kevin MacDonald 's eye opening history in the vein of The Culture of Critique. He makes great arguments and backs them up with real facts.

Most bad reviews of Dr. MacDonald's work are ad hominem attacks on his character or baseless dismissals.

Read the book the oligarchs don't want you to read and you'll know things they don't want known.
Road.to sliver
Gentiles always seem to get caught flat-footed. Jews claim historical victimhood, emphasizing the Inquisition, the Russian pogroms, the Holocaust and other sufferings. There is always the tone of wounded innocence, as if it is nothing that they ever did but purely a product of evil Christianity. The Gentiles, with no conscious recollection of ever having done anything to offend the Jews, are usually at a loss to defend their ancestors, and certainly at more of a loss attempting to justify their behavior.

MacDonald provides the immense service of constructing an evolutionary social identity theory of group interests. There is no disputing the Darwinian observation that animal populations are in constant competition with one another. The same is certainly true of human breeding groups. The Jews' rituals and beliefs set them apart, and their practices of endogamy, even consanguinous marriages, and a general refusal to accept converts keeps them apart from their host societies.

Today's charges of anti-Semitism, and racism in general, are made against the backdrop of today's moral and ethical values. It is important to recall that in every century prior to our own it was natural and expected for identifiably different groups of people to be in conflict with one another. The French and the Germans went at it for years. Going back to the Jews, the Bible is a 2000 year litany of conflict between the Jews and their neighbors, in which God himself endorsed genocide against Israel's enemies. The Bible states that the Jews took over the promised land of Canaan from the peoples who dwelt there before the time of Moses and Joshua, and who, because they had had no contact with Israel, cannot have been guilty of any aggression against them. Unprovoked, Israel invaded Canaan and killed everybody, man woman and child, and livestock as well.

MacDonald's task is not to apologize for events such as the Third Reich's Endlösung. His mission is to explain it, and to that and he dedicates a chapter. He has another chapter dedicated to the Spanish and Portuguese inquisitions, and a third dedicated to anti-Semitism at the time of the Roman Empire. Similarly, MacDonald does not condemn Israel for its ethnic cleansing of the pre-1948 Arab inhabitants, or its discrimination against the few who remain within the state of Israel, but he explains the phenomenon in the light of evolutionary psychology and social identity theory.

MacDonald tells you four times that the Jews have an average intelligence of one standard deviation above that of Caucasians. One time I might believe; two times is excessive. But four in one book? Moreover, the footnote cites his own previous book. He should have chosen one of the many other authors who have documented the same thing. Henry Harpending, Arthur Jensen, and Tatu Vanhanen, among the world's most respected psychometricians, all make the point.

MacDonald's thesis is in conflict with Harpending's in one particular. The latter posits that the Jews achieved their exceptional intelligence by surviving adversity, especially in Eastern Europe. Putting it bluntly, the dumb ones died off. Harpending and most researchers find that there are gradients among the Jews. The Ashkenazim achieve the stated one standard deviation above the norm. The Sephardim are a little ways down, and the Oriental Jews are simply not that exceptional. MacDonald's should at least have some footnotes to attempt to reconcile his theory that classical era anti-Semitism was sparked by resource competition of Gentiles against exceptionally talented Jews with other hypotheses that would suggest they were not that exceptional.

Arthur Jensen suggests that widespread consanguinous marriage is a major reason for lower intelligence among populations in the Middle East. He even gives a figure in his masterwork, "The g Factor," of about a seven or eight point intelligence deficit due to "inbred depression." MacDonald talks about widespread cousin marriage among the Jews, with the Rothschild family being exceptional even among the Jews for the incidence cousin marriages and uncle-niece marriages. Nobody has noted an intelligence deficit among the Rothschilds. Somebody needs to come up with a reconciliation.

MacDonald advances a thesis that liberal societies such as sprung up in England and France, and historically characterized the United States, are impossible to sustain in societies with large numbers of unassimilated minorities. He also advances the thesis that good times tend to mask the problem, and bad economic times to exacerbate it. This is an important observation and seems consistent with what one sees recently in both the United States and Europe. The politics in both places are becoming increasingly polarized, with the middle and lower class indogenes resentful of the successful minorities - read Jews and Occupy Wall Street - and the immigrants who threaten their livelihoods. He would predict that we will become increasingly polarized, fragmented into ethnic groups. So far the political process in the United States has managed to hold agglomerations of different interests together in the two major political parties. This is not the case throughout Europe, and it may not remain the case in the United States. In other words, diversity is anathema to the liberalism which invited diversity in the first place.

MacDonald pursues his theory into the first half of the 20th century, claiming widespread endogamy and also exceptional reproductive success for Jewish populations. I would like to see some evidence. My observations, having lived in California, Washington DC, Germany and now Ukraine, are that Jewish families have faced the same reproductive struggles as Gentile families. Specifically, Jewish kids grow up to be homosexual at least as often as others. Even in the 60s Jewish kids often married outside the faith in the cosmopolitan US areas where I lived, which are architypical Jewish habitats. Jewish girls certainly experimented with Gentile guys. My observation is that Jewish families are often childless, and more frequently adopt than WASP families. I believe that MacDonald's observations may be more true among the relatively small Jewish populations remaining in Germany and here in Ukraine, and among the ultra-Orthodox (Haredi) in the United States, and I will grant their historical validity, but I am sure that they are not broadly true in contemporary America.

His last chapter is titled as a question: "Is Diaspora Judaism Ceasing To Be An Evolutionary Strategy?" He cites the increasing number of marriages between Jews and Gentiles in the United States, the fact that their children are most frequently not raised as Jews, and the general small size of Jewish families. A countervailing tendency is the increase in Haredi Jewish communities, with their intense belief and large numbers of children. Moreover, he points to Israel and says that exogamy is not an issue there, obviously enough, and that it too is becoming more fundamentalist. His conclusion is that it is too early to count the Jews out. They will probably survive.

I think he is leaving a couple of factors out of his equation. The most important is feminism, or rather female emancipation. Jewish men no longer have control over their women's reproductive practices. Jewish women, endowed with those great intellects, find that they are very welcome in the workplace all over the world. Just look at any postgraduate program in any American university and you will find lots of them. Moreover, these women are generally quite secular in their outlook, and often do not want to sacrifice their career opportunities for family. In conversation, they usually do not speak terribly highly of Jewish men as marriage prospects. Without the social pressure applied by a strong, cohesive community my bet is that they will not be raising anywhere near a replacement level of young Jewish children.

Ecology is a second question. A breeding community needs a critical mass in order to survive. Grizzly bears, for example, need large unbroken stretches of forest. Jews are so thoroughly accepted in the United States, so unconstrained in their choice of where to live, that Jewish communities even in expensive suburbs tend to be fairly dilute. The Jews see each other in synagogue and perhaps in Jewish day schools, but a large proportion of their social interactions are with Gentiles of similar social class. The exceptions to this are few enough to name: Crown Heights in New York, other neighborhoods on Long Island, and perhaps certain neighborhoods of Baltimore and Philadelphia. Outside of these precincts, Jews will find the constant interaction with Gentiles will be an anodyne to religious fervor.

A third factor is the strength of religion. Upper-class WASPs, churchgoing or not, often merely observe the forms of religion while finding the dogmas difficult to swallow. The same applies to Jews. Why should they follow the 613 laws of the Torah? How can they be certain that theirs is the only God, or even that their God exists? Secular Jews have been among the most vociferous atheists of our age. MacDonald brings this issue up, the relevance of Judaism after the enlightenment, but posits that it is headed back to a pre-enlightenment fundamentalism. I wouldn't be so sure.

To conclude, it is a very important book. It's importance is underscored by the stunning, absolute silence with which the Jewish community itself has received the book. While it should be the topic of lively discussion, even to mention it is infra dig at best, or taken as prima facie evidence of anti-Semitism. Jews, the most successful human group ever to walk the planet, should have thicker skins than that. If Jewish anthropologists can roam the world studying native tribes in search of support for theories such as those of Freud and Marx, isn't turnabout fair play?
Brialelis
MacDonald does his reaserch and brings the facts. It's comforting to read something so well backed.
Admittedly I like his other works well too.
Kazracage
Professor Kevin MacDonald is an evolutionary psychologist and this academic niche colors much of his writing.

In this book, the second in a series of three books about Jews, Dr. MacDonald writes about anti-Semitic outbursts through history.

This book is, at least in part, a response to The Authoritarian Personality, a book which said fascism and ethnocentrism-especially anti-Semitism were the result of neurosis.

Dr. MacDonald argues that anti-Semitism is the result of a rational conflict of interest between Jews and their Gentile hosts. He argues that behind the "religious" justifications for the conflict there are often deep seated fears with Darwinian Overtones. These deep seated concerns are remarkably similar over time and across cultures.

This book is much more readable than the first in the series. It is still an academic work, but it is less encumbered by technical jargon.
LeXXXuS
Prof. Kevin Macdonald did a thorough job of researching the Jewish condition and Antisemitism in the last 4,000 years. His scholarly conclusion is that Judaism and Western society are incompatible. He is not the first to say so, and among many others, Dr. Theodor Herzl (another Hungarian Jew) wrote books on the matter. Therefore, I was less than surprised to read that "Zionism raises no special question" (page 264). Thank you, Prof. MacDonald. If I am allowed to comment on the book (Having read Chapter 7 on Jewish rationalization and selfdesception, I do not dare to ask anyone to believe me), I would like to say that the author, like people of all ages obsessed with the Jews, tends greatly to exaggerate Jewish power. For example, he argues that historic demographic changes undergoing the USA (he does not mention Europe, but it is the same) are product of Jewish activity and serve Jewish interest. Halevay! as we say in Hebrew.
Separation and Its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism download epub
Humanities
Author: Kevin MacDonald
ISBN: 1410792617
Category: Other
Subcategory: Humanities
Language: English
Publisher: AuthorHouse (November 13, 2003)
Pages: 448 pages