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Hard Luck: How Luck Undermines Free Will and Moral Responsibility download epub

by Neil Levy


Epub Book: 1596 kb. | Fb2 Book: 1442 kb.
The concept of luck has played an important role in debates concerning free will and moral responsibility, yet participants in these debates have relied upon an intuitive notion of what luck is. Neil Levy develops an account of luck, which is then applied to the free will debate. He argues that the standard luck objection succeeds against common accounts of libertarian free will, but that it is possible to amend libertarian accounts so that they are no more vulnerable to luck than is compatibilism. But compatibilist accounts of luck are themselves vulnerable to a powerful luck objection: historical compatibilisms cannot satisfactorily explain how agents can take responsibility for their constitutive luck; non-historical compatibilisms run into insurmountable difficulties with the epistemic condition on control over action. Levy argues that because epistemic conditions on control are so demanding that they are rarely satisfied, agents are not blameworthy for performing actions that they take to be best in a given situation. It follows that if there are any actions for which agents are responsible, they are akratic actions; but even these are unacceptably subject to luck. Levy goes on to discuss recent non-historical compatibilisms, and argues that they do not offer a viable alternative to control-based compatibilisms. He suggests that luck undermines our freedom and moral responsibility no matter whether determinism is true or not.

Comments: (2)

Quphagie
I will simply say that there is no scholar who is better equipped to handle the empirical and conceptual demands of questions about free will and responsibility than Neil Levy. His writing is crystal clear, with reasoning of course on par with that, and has a subtle sense of humor that makes reading him an absolute delight. Underrated genius only rivaled by Manuel Vargas' Building Better Beings.
Stoneshaper
Our vocabularies for cognition and causation must change. Free will will go the way of aether and phlogiston. Why so many tie themselves up in semantic spaghetti to avoid this is as sad as listening to climate denialists.
Hard Luck: How Luck Undermines Free Will and Moral Responsibility download epub
Humanities
Author: Neil Levy
ISBN: 0199601380
Category: Other
Subcategory: Humanities
Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (September 5, 2011)
Pages: 240 pages