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Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation: Medical and Ethical Issues in Procurement download epub

by Institute of Medicine,Roger Herdman,John T. Potts


Epub Book: 1835 kb. | Fb2 Book: 1838 kb.

Non-heart-beating donors (individuals whose deaths are determined by cessation of heart and respiratory function rather than loss of whole brain function) could potentially be of major importance in reducing the gap between the demand for and availab.

Prompted by questions concerning the medical management of such donors-specifically, whether interventions undertaken to enhance the supply and quality of potentially transplantable organs (. the use of anticoagulants and vasodilators) were in the best interests of the donor patient-the .

Institute of Medicine. Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation: Medical and Ethical Issues in Procurement. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. The Institute of Medicine was chartered in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to enlist distinguished members of the appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public.

Journal of Medical Ethics, 28(2), p. 131. ISSN (print) 0306-6800.

In December 1997, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released a report on medical and ethical issues in the procurement of non-heart-beating organ donors. This report had been requested in May 1997 by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). We will here describe the genesis of the IOM report, the medical and moral concerns that led the DHHS to sponsor it, the process of producing it, and its conclusions.

Transplantation supply and demand. The modern non-heart-beating donor. Survey of organ procurement organization and transplant program policies. Analysis, findings, and recommendations. Potts, John T;Herdman, Roger.

Defining Death in Non-Heart Beating Organ Donors. N. Zamperetti - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):182-185. Protocols for retrieving vital organs in consenting patients in cardiovascular arrest rest on the assumptions that irreversible asystole a) identifies the instant of biological death, and b) is clinically assessable at the time when retrieval of vital organs is possible. The global shortage of organs for transplantation and the development of new and better medical technologies for organ preservation have resulted in a renewed interest in non-heart-beating donation (NHBD). This article discusses ethical questions related to controlled and uncontrolled NHBD.

Herdman R, Potts J. Non heart beating organ transplantation Questions had been raised about the medical management of such donors. Non heart beating organ transplantation. Medical and ethical issues in procurement. The problem of the supply of organs for transplantation is a major concern in many areas of health care practice and more generally in society. For many conditions organ transplantation remains the treatment of choice and in many situations this necessitates a cadaver donor. Questions had been raised about the medical management of such donors and whether the interventions practised could be said to be in the best interests of the patient or were in fact hastening death.

The sources for information used throughout the site can be found in the Organ and Tissue Donation Resource database.

Home Resouces & Terms Non-heart beating organ transplantation: Medical and ethical issues in procurement. Terms & Resources. The sources for information used throughout the site can be found in the Organ and Tissue Donation Resource database. Additional resources that contribute to the understanding of the topic have also been included in the resource database.

This pro/con debate explores the ethical issues surrounding nonheart-beating organ donation (NHBD), a source of considerable controversy. Institute of Medicine Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation: Medical and Ethical Issues in Procurement. Washington, DC: National Academy Press 1997.

Non-heart-beating donors (individuals whose deaths are determined by cessation of heart and respiratory function rather than loss of whole brain function) could potentially be of major importance in reducing the gap between the demand for and available supply of organs for transplantation. Prompted by questions concerning the medical management of such donors--specifically, whether interventions undertaken to enhance the supply and quality of potentially transplantable organs (i.e. the use of anticoagulants and vasodilators) were in the best interests of the donor patient--the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services asked the Institute of Medicine to examine from scientific and ethical points of view "alternative medical approaches that can be used to maximize the availability of organs from [a] donor [in an end-of-life situation] without violating prevailing ethical norms...." This book examines transplantation supply and demand, historical and modern conceptions of non-heart-beating donors, and organ procurement organizations and transplant program policies, and contains recommendations concerning the principles and ethical issues surrounding the topic.


Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation: Medical and Ethical Issues in Procurement download epub
Medicine & Health Sciences
Author: Institute of Medicine,Roger Herdman,John T. Potts
ISBN: 0309064244
Category: Other
Subcategory: Medicine & Health Sciences
Language: English
Publisher: National Academies Press; 1 edition (January 18, 1998)
Pages: 104 pages