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Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology download epub

by Hazel E. Barnes,Jean-Paul Sartre


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Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (French: L'Être et le néant : Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique), sometimes published with the subtitle A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology, is a 1943 book by the philosopher J. .

Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (French: L'Être et le néant : Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique), sometimes published with the subtitle A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology, is a 1943 book by the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre.

by Jean-Paul Sartre & Hazel Barnes. Be like the sun for grace and mercy. Be like the night to cover others' faults. Be like running water for generosity. Be like death for rage and anger. Be like the Earth for modesty.

Jean-Paul Sartre's "Being and Nothingness" is the fundamental text of Existentialism. Sartre begins with a framework on nothingness and negations. Nothingness does not have being but is supported by being. It comes into existence through the for-itself and allows consciousness to exist.

Jean-Paul Sartre, Hazel E. Barnes (translator). Being and Nothingness" works hard to be both a philosophical and a literary experience. As a result, it is a source of greater illumination. Mary Warnock (contributor). Sartre described his work as "an essay on phenomenological ontology," its goal to set down "the basis for a general theory of being. It is a systematic, analytical work.

It is the fruit of a remarkable development in scientific thought concerning the human condition, known under the name its instigator, Edmund Husserl, gave it: phenomenology. Husserl (1859-1938), a close contemporary of Freud, mentions Brentano (whose lectures on philosophy Freud attended for some time) as one of his predecessors.

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Items related to Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological. Published by New York: Philosophical Library, 1956

Items related to Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological. Home Sartre, Jean-Paul Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology. Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology. Published by New York: Philosophical Library, 1956. Translated and with an introduction by Hazel E. Barnes. Condition: Very good Hardcover. From Waverly & Rugby Books (Pinehurst, NC, .

Similar books and articles Paul-Jean Sartre - 2013 - Routledge. Sartre's Phenomenological Anthropology Between Psychoanalysis and 'Daseinsanalysis'.

Similar books and articles. Being and Nothingness an Essay on Phenomenological Ontology. Jean Paul Sartre & Hazel Estella Barnes - 1956 - Citadel Press. Paul-Jean Sartre - 2013 - Routledge. She Came to Stay and Being and Nothingness. Edward Fullbrook - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (4):50 - 69. Nature and Nothingness: An Essay in Ordinal Phenomenology. Alain Flajoliet - 2010 - Sartre Studies International 16 (1):40-59.

Sartre is the dominant figure in post-war French intellectual life

Sartre is the dominant figure in post-war French intellectual life. A graduate of the prestigious Ecole Normale Superieure with an agregation in philosophy, Sartre has been a major figure on the literary and philosophical scenes since the late 1930s.

The famous French author's interpretation of existential philosophy and its relevance to society, psychology, and freedom

Comments: (7)

Marilace
Had to buy a thirty dollar plus book to tell me what this book said. Still trying to find out.
Mautaxe
Jean-Paul Sartre's "Being and Nothingness" is the fundamental text of Existentialism. His examination of ontology constantly reviews previous existential philosophy by building on, and refuting, the work of prior philosophers.

Sartre begins with a framework on nothingness and negations. Nothingness does not have being but is supported by being. It comes into existence through the for-itself and allows consciousness to exist. Negations are acts which contain negativity as part of their structure (ex: absence.) He then progresses to an examination of Bad Faith. This is essentially a false consciousness which a person pursues to flee from their own freedom.

The most theoretically important part of the book regarding ontology is Sartre's explanation of Being-for-itself and Being-for-others. Being-for-itself is an examination of the works of Descartes, Husserl, etc, into the nature of the individuals being and consciousness. "The Other" is a concept from Hegel that Sartre alters to explain others around us. For Sartre "The Other" is in a constant battle to deprive the other person of their freedom without extinguishing their being.

The second half of his treatise deals with issues mostly empirical in nature. Sartre has an impeccable knowledge of philosophy and the physical science up to 1943 (philosophy, biology, psychology, pyschics, etc..) He uses the theory of ontology to reexamine empirical issues where he finds scientific fields lacking. In the end Sartre devises a `Existential Psychoanalysis' (Existentialism) to examine psychological phenomenon through an ontological lens.

For Sartre humans are thrown into the world, in a situation, but have absolute freedom over choice. They are responsible for their choice. Whether they chose to actively pursue something or passively submit THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE. This responsibility is not meant as an ethical judgment but rather a statement of fact.

Sartre almost completely eschews ethical judgments in "Being and Nothingness." His objective throughout the work is to explain the ontological foundation of being. He reserves 2 pages at the end of the book discussing ethics. His advice is to strive for a synthesis of the being-in-itself with the being-for-itself (a true single consciousness between body and mind.) A person can then strive to attain their values (which are subjective in nature.)

Note: Sartre assumes his readers have read essentially every existential philosopher since Plato. He gives brief descriptions of each philosopher's theory but I strongly recommend you read their work before "Being and Nothingness." Sartre also uses incredibly obtuse language (which is made worse through translation.) While not as bad as other philosophers his work forces the person to actively read everything he says. Sartre commands an excellent understanding of science but actively rejects some of its most basic premises because science fails to ask the right questions. While some of the science he talks about has long been disproven for the most part his understanding of science remains valid.

Note #2: I read the Gramercy edition.

I strongly recommend "Being and Nothingness" to anyone interested in ontology with a strong background in philosophy and the psychical sciences.
ladushka
Depressing. #mustread
Knights from Bernin
I had a major breakthrough with Being and Nothingness, open my head.
It took me a while before it sunk into my head, then pow saw how free i can be when i tap into nothingness which in turn is everything. Without the identity and bondage of body rather the freedom of being in- itself for the itself.
Live for life itself!
Bremar
A classic for those interested in Existentialism or any form of contemplation about the reality of being.. Some may criticize that Jean-Paul is Atheistic, however, alot of groundwork for theism is laid by those whom do not believe. Good text!
Broadraven
This is the book where Sartre gives his first and most thorough explanations of Bad Faith, as well as overtly explains his ontology. If I had to recommend one book to understand the philosophy of Sartre, I would recommend this one. It is where we see Sartre's blueprint to the categorization of his world, and I think it is very beautiful.
Anyshoun
Book arrived as described. Great work of 20th-century​ philosophy.
I liked it very much very challenging mind lucid different mind at times too challenge to ingest.
Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology download epub
Philosophy
Author: Hazel E. Barnes,Jean-Paul Sartre
ISBN: 080221486X
Category: Politics & Social Sciences
Subcategory: Philosophy
Language: English
Publisher: Philosophical Library (April 1, 1982)
Pages: 703 pages