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Social Torture: The Case of Northern Uganda, 1986-2006 (Human Rights in Context) download epub

by Chris Dolan


Epub Book: 1443 kb. | Fb2 Book: 1476 kb.

Dolan succeeds in putting the multiple problems of life in the camps, resp. Dolan points to a November 2006 UN report that followed an international conference on sexual violence in this area of East Africa.

Dolan succeeds in putting the multiple problems of life in the camps, resp. the protected villages, in the context of the dynamics of regional and national conflict and violence. His exploration of different groups of actors illustrates the complexity of his topic, which is certainly not only of interest for Uganda experts but opens up new perspectives for a more general discussion of the longevity of violent conflicts and humanitarian aid in crisis areas · Peripherie.

Chris Dolan has worked extensively with a range of organizations in Africa, Europe and South East Asia on issues related to conflict, forced migration, governance, gender & sexuality. He is Director of the Refugee Law Project at University of Makerere, Kampala, Uganda. Библиографические данные. Social Torture: The Case of Northern Uganda, 1986-2006 Human Rights in Context (Том 4). Автор. Social Torture: The Case of Northern Uganda, 1986-2006 المجلد 4 من Berghahn Series المجلد 4 من Human rights in context.

Series: Human Rights in Context. Chris Dolan’s startling and original answer begins with the observation that this has not really been a war at all. Book Description: As Director of the Refugee Law Project at the University of Makerere, Kampala, Uganda, Dolan offers a behind-the-scenes, cross-disciplinary study of one of Africa's longest running and most intractable conflicts.

Seven books to better inform about Kony, the LRA, and Uganda. 5. 'Social Torture: The Case of Northern Uganda, 1986-2006,' by Chris Dolan. By Kristin Rawls, Monitor contributor. This book considers the ways in which human rights agencies exacerbated the oppression of Acholi people forced out of their homes and into refugee camps throughout the war. The author uses many interviews with Ugandans to establish how human rights protections set up for the Acholi fed into Museveni’s long persecution of northern Ugandans and functioned like de facto internment camps

Human Rights in Context.

Human Rights in Context.

Dolan’s book adds to an already distinguished body of work on conflict and response in northern Uganda. Dolan makes a strong case for his thesis about social torture. It appears directly after the publication of Sverker Finnström’s more phenomenological monograph, emphasizing people’s attempts to maintain some control of their lives, based on fieldwork carried out at about the same time. It builds upon work by Heike Behrend on the Holy Spirit Movement, which preceded the Lord’s Resistance Movement in the same area. In important ways, Dolan.

Volume 4. Human Rights in Context. Dolan succeeds in putting the multiple problems of life in the camps, resp. Anthropology Journals.

Social torture: The case of northern Uganda 1986-2006.

Therapeutic Activism AccompanyingBrief. Social torture: The case of northern Uganda 1986-2006.

As Director of the Refugee Law Project at the University of Makerere, Kampala, Uganda, Dolan offers a behind-the-scenes, cross-disciplinary study of one of Africa's longest running and most intractable conflicts. This book shows how, alongside the activities of the Lord's Resistance Army, government decisions and actions on the ground, consolidated by humanitarian interventions and silences, played a central role in creating a massive yet only very belatedly recognized humanitarian crisis. Not only individuals, but society as a whole, came to exhibit symptoms typical of torture, and the perpetrator-victim dichotomy became blurred. It is such phenomena, and the complex of social, political, economic and cultural dynamics which underpin them, which the author describes as social torture. Building on political economy, social anthropology, discourse analysis, international relations and psychoanalytic approaches to violence, this book offers an important analytical instrument for all those seeking entry points through which to address entrenched conflicts, whether from a conflict resolution, post-conflict recovery or transitional justice perspective.


Comments: (2)

Honeirsil
I purchased this on amazon a few different ways. I contacted the publisher for permission to use in my child's human rights situation on the HPL. They were prompt and communicative the publishers. I was immediately drawn to Chris Dolans tireless recount of human rights issues in such an area that has no recourse legally for the suffering of the people. It's a human rights issue workers privilage to recount each instance and story of torture that sets the stage for acts conducted with gray sorrow as the government is never fallible for the demise and suffering of the youth without help or treatment or on some cases even with a community with the power to help them.
Gavirus
Thank goodness, someone is taking the trouble to follow this bizarre violence being inflicted on victims. It's crazy.

Did the Japanese start this? Did they TEACH it to warlords in third world banana republics? Sal Mineo in Exodus says that the Germans did it too. They HAVE to ask the question - inspired by Ambassador Morgenthal's shrewdness in Turkey - when did this start in Africa?

n.b. the British government keeps quiet rapes of nurses by the Japanese - what if the POWs were raped as well? They raped Filipino males not just Chinese ones ....

Guardian article:

The commander called a rebel over. Jean Paul could see that he was only about nine years old. He was told, "Beat this man and remove this clothes." The boy attacked him with his gun butt. Eventually, Jean Paul begged: "Okay, okay. I will take off my clothes." Once naked, two rebels held him in a kneeling position with his head pushed towards the earth.

At this point, Jean Paul breaks off. The shaking in his lip more pronounced than ever, he lowers his head a little further and says: "I am sorry for the things I am going to say now." The commander put his left hand on the back of his skull and used his right to beat him on the backside "like a horse". Singing a witch doctor song, and with everybody watching, the commander then began. The moment he started, Jean Paul vomited.

Eleven rebels waited in a queue and raped Jean Paul in turn. When he was too exhausted to hold himself up, the next attacker would wrap his arm under Jean Paul's hips and lift him by the stomach. He bled freely: "Many, many, many bleeding," he says, "I could feel it like water." Each of the male prisoners was raped 11 times that night and every night that followed.

Today, despite his hospital treatment, Jean Paul still bleeds when he walks. Like many victims, the wounds are such that he's supposed to restrict his diet to soft foods such as bananas, which are expensive, and Jean Paul can only afford maize and millet. His brother keeps asking what's wrong with him. "I don't want to tell him," says Jean Paul. "I fear he will say: 'Now, my brother is not a man.'"

Men aren't simply raped, they are forced to penetrate holes in banana trees that run with acidic sap, to sit with their genitals over a fire, to drag rocks tied to their penis, to give oral sex to queues of soldiers, to be penetrated with screwdrivers and sticks. Atim has now seen so many male survivors that, frequently, she can spot them the moment they sit down. "They tend to lean forward and will often sit on one buttock," she tells me. "When they cough, they grab their lower regions. At times, they will stand up and there's blood on the chair. And they often have some kind of smell."

Because there has been so little research into the rape of men during war, it's not possible to say with any certainty why it happens or even how common it is - although a rare 2010 survey, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that 22% of men and 30% of women in Eastern Congo reported conflict-related sexual violence. As for Atim, she says: "Our staff are overwhelmed by the cases we've got, but in terms of actual numbers? This is the tip of the iceberg."

Later on I speak with Dr Angella Ntinda, who treats referrals from the RLP. She tells me: "Eight out of 10 patients from RLP will be talking about some sort of sexual abuse."

"Eight out of 10 men?" I clarify.

"No. Men and women," she says.

"What about men?"

"I think all the men."

I am aghast.

"All of them?" I say.

"Yes," she says. "All the men."

The research by Lara Stemple at the University of California doesn't only show that male sexual violence is a component of wars all over the world, it also suggests that international aid organisations are failing male victims. Her study cites a review of 4,076 NGOs that have addressed wartime sexual violence. Only 3% of them mentioned the experience of men in their literature. "Typically," Stemple says, "as a passing reference."

As part of an attempt to correct this, the RLP produced a documentary in 2010 called Gender Against Men. When it was screened, Dolan says that attempts were made to stop him. "Were these attempts by people in well-known, international aid agencies?" I ask.

"Yes," he replies. "There's a fear among them that this is a zero-sum game; that there's a pre-defined cake and if you start talking about men, you're going to somehow eat a chunk of this cake that's taken them a long time to bake." Dolan points to a November 2006 UN report that followed an international conference on sexual violence in this area of East Africa.

"I know for a fact that the people behind the report insisted the definition of rape be restricted to women," he says, adding that one of the RLP's donors, Dutch Oxfam, refused to provide any more funding unless he'd promise that 70% of his client base was female. He also recalls a man whose case was "particularly bad" and was referred to the UN's refugee agency, the UNHCR. "They told him: 'We have a programme for vulnerable women, but not men.'"

It reminds me of a scene described by Eunice Owiny: "There is a married couple," she said. "The man has been raped, the woman has been raped. Disclosure is easy for the woman. She gets the medical treatment, she gets the attention, she's supported by so many organisations. But the man is inside, dying."

"In a nutshell, that's exactly what happens," Dolan agrees. "Part of the activism around women's rights is: 'Let's prove that women are as good as men.' But the other side is you should look at the fact that men can be weak and vulnerable."

Margot Wallström, the UN special representative of the secretary-general for sexual violence in conflict, insists in a statement that the UNHCR extends its services to refugees of both genders. But she concedes that the "great stigma" men face suggests that the real number of survivors is higher than that reported. Wallström says the focus remains on women because they are "overwhelmingly" the victims. Nevertheless, she adds, "we do know of many cases of men and boys being raped."

But when I contact Stemple by email, she describes a "constant drum beat that women are the rape victims" and a milieu in which men are treated as a "monolithic perpetrator class".

"International human rights law leaves out men in nearly all instruments designed to address sexual violence," she continues. "The UN Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2000 treats wartime sexual violence as something that only impacts on women and girls... Secretary of State Hillary Clinton recently announced $44m to implement this resolution. Because of its entirely exclusive focus on female victims, it seems unlikely that any of these new funds will reach the thousands of men and boys who suffer from this kind of abuse. Ignoring male rape not only neglects men, it also harms women by reinforcing a viewpoint that equates 'female' with 'victim', thus hampering our ability to see women as strong and empowered. In the same way, silence about male victims reinforces unhealthy expectations about men and their supposed invulnerability."

Considering Dolan's finding that "female rape is significantly underreported and male rape almost never", I ask Stemple if, following her research, she believes it might be a hitherto unimagined part of all wars. "No one knows, but I do think it's safe to say that it's likely that it's been a part of many wars throughout history and that taboo has played a part in the silence."

As I leave Uganda, there's a detail of a story that I can't forget. Before receiving help from the RLP, one man went to see his local doctor. He told him he had been raped four times, that he was injured and depressed and his wife had threatened to leave him. The doctor gave him a Panadol.

Survivors' names have been changed and identities hidden for their protection. The Refugee Law Project is a partner organisation of Christian Aid (christianaid.org.uk)
Social Torture: The Case of Northern Uganda, 1986-2006 (Human Rights in Context) download epub
Politics & Government
Author: Chris Dolan
ISBN: 1845455657
Category: Politics & Social Sciences
Subcategory: Politics & Government
Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books; 1 edition (April 1, 2009)
Pages: 338 pages