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Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang, Vol. 1: A-G download epub

by Jonathan E. Lighter


Epub Book: 1282 kb. | Fb2 Book: 1952 kb.

The only historical dictionary of slang - spanning three hundred years of slang use in America

The only historical dictionary of slang - spanning three hundred years of slang use in America. Relation to Similar works: There is a second volume of this historical slang following H-O. When the third volume is completed, this series will be the most decisive and academic dealing of American slang ever published. Timeline and Permanence: As terminology and use of slang changes quickly, this resource is a good historical source of slang. For a more up to date definition, urbandictionary. com will probably be a better resource.

Publisher: Random House Reference Jun 7 1994. It is one of those rare books that prompts the realization that you have never seen the subject in such sharp focus before. Lighter, Jonathan E. См. подробнee. -William Safire "No one has ever created a scholarly work that is more fu. - -Newsweek "The funniest. work of profound lexicographical slang-scholarship ever published. The book belongs on every patriotice coffee table.

The Historical Dictionary of American Slang, often abbreviated HDAS, is a dictionary of American slang. The first two volumes, Volume 1, A – G (1994), and Volume 2, H – O (1997), were published by Random House, and the work then was known as the Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang, sometimes abbreviated as RHHDAS.

Lighter, J. E. (Jonathan . ; Random House (Firm).

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English Slang Dictionary - E - Slang Words Starting With E - English Slang Alphabet - Продолжительность: 6:38 EnglishAnyone .

English Slang Dictionary - E - Slang Words Starting With E - English Slang Alphabet - Продолжительность: 6:38 EnglishAnyone Recommended for you. 6:38. 10 английских слов, которые вы (возможно) неправильно произносите!

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Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang: Volume 1, A-G by J.

of American Slang, Vol. 2: H - O, Random House Reference, 1997.

pulling someone’s pants up sharply to wedge them between the buttocks’ Jonathan E. Lighter, Historical Dictionary of American Slang, Vol. Oh, it’s the tourist. ’m not Listerine but they get on my goat’ Stephen Fry, Fry’s Planet Word, BBC 2011. a boring or socially inept person’; ‘the wives and girlfriends’ ‘Oxford English Dictionary: other new words and definitions’, Telegraph, 24 March 2011. a protuberance of flesh’ Dave Masters, ‘OMG in the OED? LOL!’, Sun, 24 March 2011.

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The only historical dictionary of slang -- spanning three hundred years of slang use in America.

Comments: (7)

DEAD-SHOT
According to a fascinating article in the Wall Street Journal by Jennifer Ordonez (Sept 7, 2000), this dictionary may never get beyond the letter O. Random House have stopped work on the editing because of the cost, and linguist J E Lighter has stopped delivering the text because of a row over royalties. Ambitious dictionaries don't make a profit for publishers, and Random House says it only commissioned a one volume work originally, way back in 1984. But it has made some money. The article points out that the cult best-seller "The F-Word" is in fact an extraction of a single entry from volume 1 - published under project editor Jesse Sheidlower's name after Lighter refused to have his name used. One of the reasons Lighter has stopped giving material to Random House, says the article, is that he's worried they'll try and do the same thing with "the S-Word" and he doesn't want to be remembered as the F and S guy. You can read the whole article at wsj.com if you have a subscription.
Hra
I'm an American slang bug and that's why I'm just chafing at the bit to browse next volumes of this undoubtedly the very best and most comprehensive and authoritative complete on-going dictionary of slang. A lot has been already said and written 'bout this work hence I'm lost for new words of appreciation. On the other hand, however, dear editors, mercy on us, you can't just now dump this big project halfway thru editing thus leaving us, all American slang lovers throughout the English-speaking world in the lurch. There's a glitter of hope, as I heard, to cooperate with Oxford University Press. OK! Go ahead and good luck then but let these words be soon followed by real actions. Sincerely Alex
Cordanara
Quite good, but I was disappointed to look up fairly common slang expressions to discover when they were first used, only to find they were not listed at all. I'm still looking for a comprehensive source of genuinely historical slang with dates.
Shalinrad
Spectacular work, but....It is now 7 years that I have been waiting for this dictionary to be completed. I am now hearing that the third and last volume may not see light at all. The mere thought that Random House has brought its customers into a stupid situation like this is shocking. Not only it's a huge disappointment to its customers, but it's also a great loss to American lexicography. Does Random House think that this fiasco can me mended in the not too distant future? May we readers and customers expect a reply from Random House? What the hell.
Nothing personal
I must agree with Settimio Biondi from Italy. Having purchased the first two volumes, we've been waiting for 7 years for P~Z. This is an excellent, comprehensive work. Hopefully, Oxford...or someone with a sense of responsibility...will finish the final volume.
Peras
Oxford University press is currently undertaking the massive editorial work required to finish this ground-breaking four-volume set that was started more than 25 years ago. The third volume, covering the alphabetic range of P through Sk, is due to appear in March 2007. Volume IV, covering Sk through Z and including a bibliography of tens of thousands of items, is planned for two years later.(...)
PC-rider
Browsing is a journey through life, times, places, cultures. Looking up often offers surprises. This book is a kick.
We have been waiting for this dictionary for a long time. Specifically, since 1975 when Harold Wentworth and Stuart Berg Flexner issued their second supplemented edition of the "Dictionary of American Slang."

Editor J.E. Lighter, a researcher at the University of Tennessee, is somewhat disparaging of Wentworth and Flexner, the only previous lexicographers to take a healthy swing at American slang. (I don't count H.L. Mencken, who compiled many lists, but not in a format that a working writer can use.)

Lighter faults their "looseness of definition, unpredictable allocation of citations and a certain historical naivete." Maybe, but their book had, and still has, the most important merit a dictionary can have -- it is useful.

Also, theirs goes through Z, which is more than Lighter can say in 2006, 12 years after his Vol. 1 came out and many more years than that since he began.

Also, Wentworth and Flexner's volume is wieldy. Lighter's dictionary has many excellencies, but handiness is not one of them.

Wentworth and Flexner covered the whole of American English in a small volume of two pounds, six ounces. Lighter covers one-third the ground in a massive folio of six pounds, one ounce.

Lighter is often, but not always, more comprehensive. Take bum.

W&F give this useful word 26 definitions in a page. Lighter gives 29 in three pages, but three of his usages have earliest dates since W&F's last effort. It looks like a draw, but it's not, quite.

W&F give a nice little essay on the finer gradations of meaning of bum (in its sense of vagabond); Lighter is less preachy on usage, letting the extensive quotations do that work for him. This is the approved method for serious work, but although Lighter's citations often seem repetitive, their length does not always ensure completeness, as we shall see.

W&F derive bum from the German bummler, idler, but Lighter appears to think this an example of historical naivete, finding bum sprung full-blown in 1864, without any certain antecedents. (In its sense of fundament, it goes back in English to at least 1387.)

Turn now to cracker. Lighter gives it nearly half a page, in the sense of "a backwoods Southern white person regarded as ignorant, brutal, loutish, bigoted etc.," tracing it to 1766. W&F does not have it at all.

Lighter is clearly ahead here, but there are problems with this definition.

First, it is politically correct but lexically incorrect. A cracker is not a white person but a white man. Like its synonyms redneck and woolhatter, it is never used of a woman.

Second, not one of the 31 citations even hints at a usage that would explain how the Atlanta professional baseball team in the old Sally League (slang for South Atlantic League; I will be interested to see if this makes it into Lighter's Vol. 3, if I live long enough to see it) came to be called the Crackers. Or how Georgians' and north Floridians' own nickname for themselves came to be crackers, the way people from Indiana call themselves Hoosiers.

Lighter does also give five other definitions of cracker: beans, a remarkable individual, dollar, a poor skier who often loses control and a light-skinned Negro.

Taken in all, Lighter has lifted the compilation of American salng to a new, much higher level -- except for Hawaiian American slang.

Except for go for broke, which is listed as "apparently originally Nisei or Hawaiian English," I cannot find any slang words from the Hawaiian dialect of Standard American -- even though some words in Standard Hawaiian have migrated into Slang English, like kahuna.

There are many definitions in Lighter of grind, for example, but none for the ways we in Hawaii use it as noun and verb (for eating). Chance um is missing, too, and give um and blahlah.

The absence of Hawaiian American Slang (Alaskan, too) is a serious fault, but on the whole the book is a corker ("a person or thing of extraordinary size, effectiveness, quality etc.," originally English slang traced to 1882 but brought into American by Mark Twain in 1889).
Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang, Vol. 1: A-G download epub
Dictionaries & Thesauruses
Author: Jonathan E. Lighter
ISBN: 0394544277
Category: Reference
Subcategory: Dictionaries & Thesauruses
Language: English
Publisher: Random House Reference; 1st edition (June 7, 1994)
Pages: 1080 pages